Bye, Flakes! How to Remove Dandruff in 5 Easy Steps

Put an end to all the itching and the flaking once and for all! Here's how.

Have you been noticing little white flakes all over your shirt for a while? Here’s some news: You may have dandruff. Don’t panic, though! We’ve got five handy tips not just on how to remove dandruff, but also on how to keep it from ever coming back. Check them out.

All Things Hair YouTube Video

Watch this tutorial video for tips on how to remove dandruff.

1. Know what causes dandruff.

Dandruff is caused by a whole array of factors, so it’s important to know where yours is coming from before treating it. The buildup of Malassezia globosa, a yeast-like fungus that thrives on oily scalp areas, is one of the most common causes of dandruff. When the scalp is unhealthy, its natural defenses are compromised. Irritants produced by this fungus penetrate the scalp barrier, causing it to produce and shed more skin cells than normal. These skin cells translate into white flakes falling from your scalp, also known as dandruff.

2. Use an anti-dandruff shampoo.

Asian woman shampooing her hair to remove dandruff
Use an anti-dandruff shampoo that also nourishes your hair. Credit: Dennie Ramon

This may seem like the most obvious step to take, but it is essential to note that many people often pick the wrong kind of anti-dandruff product and fail to ease their problems. Choose one that can help eliminate dandruff and also help prevent its recurrence so you can say goodbye to this hair concern*. 

Editor’s tip: Don’t know which anti-dandruff shampoo to get? We recommend Dove Dermacare Scalp Soothing Moisture Shampoo. It fights dandruff without drying out your hair. This shampoo has Olamine Scalp Care Actives, which consists of Octopirox, sunflower seed oil, and glycerin. Octopirox works deep in the scalp to keep flakes away. Meanwhile, sunflower seed oil locks in moisture in your hair fibers, while glycerin has moisturizing properties and helps with skin barrier repair. 

3. Hydrate your scalp.

Filipina woman with long hair wearing a hat and a denim jumper over an orange shirt
Wearing a hat can keep your scalp from getting dry. Credit: Michelle Pedron

Do you drink at least eight glasses of water daily? Being dehydrated can lead to a dry scalp, which can worsen dandruff symptoms like itching and flaking. Aside from increasing your H2O intake to replenish lost moisture, make sure you wear hats or use an umbrella on sunny days to keep the heat from drying out your scalp. Over-styling your hair can also lead to dryness, so minimize the use of hairdryers, curling irons, and straighteners to avoid damage.

Editor’s tip: Don’t forget to condition your hair after shampooing for added moisture and nourishment. Complement your anti-dandruff shampoo with Dove Dermacare Scalp Soothing Moisture Conditioner. It keeps your hair soft and moisturized while helping you beat dandruff.

4. Get rid of excess oils.

Asian woman patting her hair dry with a towel
Give your scalp a detox or deep-cleansing treatment to remove excess oil and trapped dirt. Credit: Dennie Ramon

Your scalp produces sebum, a natural oil designed by your body as a layer of protection that keeps the scalp hydrated and your hair shiny and moisturized. But too much of anything is never good. Excess sebum can result in greasy hair, leading to dandruff.

To keep your hair and scalp from becoming overly greasy, minimize the use of hair styling products. Always rinse your hair thoroughly after shampooing to remove residue and product buildup. Schedule a scalp detox every four to six weeks to unclog your pores and wash away impurities.

5. Try natural remedies

How to remove dandruff: Bottles of apple cider vinegar and green apples in a wooden basket
Try this natural concoction when treating dandruff at home. Credit: Shutterstock

Your kitchen could just be the lab you need for putting together a solution for dandruff. Natural remedies can be surprisingly effective, such as an apple cider vinegar rinse, which is known for its antimicrobial properties.

Follow these five simple steps on how to remove dandruff, and you’ll quickly find yourself ready to face the world with nothing to hide.

*no visible flakes with regular use

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